PAN

The Policy > Action Network (P>AN) is hosted by the Research Use and Impact Assessment Unit (RIA) at the Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC) and is supported by the Department of Science and Technology.

P>AN supports the policy community by sourcing information on social policy with the aim of contributing to rigour in policy making and greater participation in policy processes. This site contains a range of resources including case studies, policy briefs, research reports, events info and ‘how-to’ info on getting research into policy, and getting policy into action.

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Newsletter: From Evidence to Action

Latest publications

The Mediterranean journal of social sciences published an article entitled, The determinants of child poverty in a South Africa township: a case of Boipatong. The study  investigates the possible determinants of child poverty in the Boipatong Township. Research shows that the most affected groups of people where poverty prevails are women and children. Child poverty is considered to be one of the main causes of chronic poverty, and its eradication stands to be a shared goal worldwide.

In the poverty trend report by Stats SA, it is illustrates that a number of children are living below the poverty line. This article eleborates on the determants of child poverty. Focusing on Boipatong township, the paper discusses the effects of the household’s total income, employment status, age of the household head, the number of people in the household and gender of head of household on child poverty.The results of the study indicate that the employment status of the head of the household; number of people living in the household and total income of the household are significant determinants of child poverty status in Boipatong. Under employment status, the study discovered that formal employment was associated with lower levels of poverty and also that the probability of being poor was lower if one was employed formally. This may imply that policies that are aimed at dealing with poverty and child poverty in particular should consider ways of creating formal employment for people in the townships. The negative relationship between age and poverty may imply the order people have more sources of income. This income could be from old age grants or from pensions.

 

This guide is a short introduction for decision-makers and researchers or anyone else considering whether a systematic review may be appropriate to fill a gap in knowledge or to use as a resource. It aims to help anybody planning or commissioning a review of what research is already out there. It would be of value to  analysts, evaluators, policymakers or commissioners.  The guide is aimed at anybody from central government, local authorities, public service providers, regulatory and advisory bodies, charities or the consultancy sector.

For the final issue of the From Evidence to Action for 2013/14 we have created a digest of five Department of Science and Technology DST Human and Social Dynamic Science Seminars and Policy Cluster Workshops held in the course of the 2013/14 financial year. We provide highlights and executive summaries, with links to presentations and useful references. Resources from a further six workshops will be provided in the next issue of From Evidence to Action as the information becomes available.

To provide some background, the Science Seminars are designed to better ensure that research feeds into active policy processes, and to serve as a vehicle for disseminating policy-relevant research results, sharing expertise and experience, facilitating policy dialogue, and building the capacity of researchers and policymakers in ways that bear on public policymaking.  The Government Cluster Policy Workshops are a key initiative of the Human and Social Dynamics in Development Grand Challenge (HSDD GC), which is one of five ‘Grand Challenges’ underpinning the DST’s 10 Year Innovation Plan. The DST contracts the Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC) to implement these workshops, which are similarly designed to better ensure that research feeds into active policy processes, policy-relevant research results are disseminated and that the capacity of researchers and policymakers is developed in ways that bear on public policymaking.

Please note that this is a work in progress and we are busy uploading presentations and related documents from the series. If you would like to access presentations please email vfichardt@hsrc.ac.za

 

In this issue of From Evidence to Action we focus on data curation, data sharing and the importance of data in the research evidence chain, as well as the use of data. The benefits of data archiving are vast, and include that it encourages secondary use of research scientific research and allows researchers to scrutinise research results, and allows for some comparative analysis, as well as providing a historical perspective. Data curation can also lead to new collaborative research networks, and it becomes possible to find out about other researchers working in the same field. Duplication is reduced as it is not necessary to repeat what has already been done, and, importantly, good, clean, well preserved data allows for greater focus on the research questions.

In our feature we profile the HSRC’s Data Curation (DCURE) unit and how it approaches its mandate for sharing data. Our guidelines are from the Royal Society and we shine our Spotlight on (UK organization). We share a policy brief recommended by the HSRC Data Curation team and as always we have collated resources on data curation, including events, opportunities, additional reports and links of interest to the data community.

If you would like to make any comments please email vfichardt@hsrc.ac.za or subscribe to our alerts on the Policy Action Network portal

policy research in South Africa

 Tim Hart, Senior Research Manager, Economic Performance and Development, HSRC  will present from 13h00 to 14h30 on 7 November 2013 and this seminar can be attended in Pretoria, Cape Town and Durban via VCR.

Policy Research typically focuses on improving policy that is inadequate, inefficient, or ineffective. Undoubtedly, some policies are poorly conceptualised and poorly implemented. But are all policies poorly conceptualised?

Some people benefit from policy making while others do not seem to be able to benefit from the same policies. If all policies were inherently good and well meaning would more people benefit? Is good policy implementable?

The presentation addresses these questions using examples from national statistics, local surveys and an ethnographic case study. Policy implementation is far from a simple technocratic process and is heavily influenced by the actors involved. The evidence suggests that policy research must adopt a more sociological and anthropological focus to understand the influences of the multiple actors along the policy implementation pathway. It is crucial to understand how policy is implemented in practice. The appropriate research question is not whether policy has succeeded or failed, but rather in what ways and why it might have succeeded or failed?

Kindly RSVP by 3 November 2013

Cape Town: Contact Jean Witten, Tel (021) 4668004, Fax (021) 461 0299

Durban: Contact Ridhwaan Khan, Tel (031) 242 5400, cell: 083 788 2786 or RKhan@hsrc.ac.za

Pretoria : Contact Arlene Grossberg, Tel: (012) 302 2811, e-mail: acgrossberg@hsrc.ac.za

This Department of Science and Technology Government Cluster Policy Workshop (GCPW) addressed the critical issues of spatial inequalities in South Africa, public perceptions towards inequalities and preferences for redistribution, as well as the relationship between the two. These issues are situated within the broader debates about inequalities as determinants of various social problems including poor health outcomes, social unrest and crime. The GCPW was informed by a research project which is being undertaken collaboratively between researchers at the University of Oxford and the HSRC. By investigating whether citizens' attitudes to inequality in South Africa are associated with their experience of inequality at the local level, the study attempts to provide new insights into inequality in South Africa to support evidence-based policy making. The project was motivated by three pressing needs:

  • first, the need to better understand the unequal spatial configuration of poverty and deprivation at small area level as a measure of people's lived experience of inequality;
  • second, the need to better understand public attitudes towards inequality and towards policy options for redress; and,
  • third, the need to explore whether people's attitudes are influenced by their lived experience of inequality

This record has been updated with additional presentations. In addition to further presentations are available on request as they are too large to load onto the website: The relationship between spatial inequality and attitudes to inequality in South Africa (David McLennan and Michael Noble) and Inclusion, access and the urban advantage (Philip Harrison). (email vfichardt@hsrc.ac.za)

Early engagement with end-users of research is, increasingly, seen as essential if findings are to be applied after a study concludes.

This example from Pakistan gives insight into the why and how of such an approach. A collaborative study – by a team from the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (LSHTM), the Pakistan National TB Control Programme and the Research Alliance for Advocacy and Development in Pakistan – involved stakeholders from the start of the research.

The study assessed whether patients with pulmonary multi-drug resistant tuberculosis have better treatment outcomes if they are treated using quality-assured, internationally procured (GLC) drugs as compared to locally procured drugs. Early stakeholder engagement and collaboration helped to ensure buy-in and uptake, from policy level (by the National Tuberculosis Programme) to hospital level (staff, clinicians and data managers).

In this issue of From Evidence to Action we focus on PAN: Children, a knowledge portal launched just over a year ago in a partnership between UNICEF and the Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC). Our Feature traces the ideas and inspiration behind the portal, where we are after a year online and our plans to expand PAN: Children’s facilities and reach. As a learning network we have consulted widely with experts and other platforms and our Case Study highlights an expert retreat and exchange we held in May 2013 where we refined our strategic plans and grappled with issues around policy influencing and key institutional arrangements which we need to put in place. We shine our Spotlight On PAN: Children’s topical guides, the rationale behind them and how they can be updated by online users. Under Toolkits and guidelines we have sourced some useful documents on children’s participation, one of the priority areas for PAN: Children. Our Resources Section collates information about events, opportunities and related documents.

Children as advocates

This Handbook is a practical tool for UNICEF and partners in promoting and strengthening child participation in global advocacy. It is based on many years of experiences and lessons learnt. It incorporates minimum standards, protocols and guidelines that UNICEF has used to guide this process.

In the late 1990s the Department of Education restricted the re-enrolment of over-aged learners and the number of times underperforming learners could repeat a grade. This was intended to reduce the number of learners in the school system, but may have contributed to a sudden increase in measured unemployment. Of the 2.3 million increase in the number of unemployed between 1997 and 2003, up to 900 000 may be due to unintended effects of these policies which brought hidden (youth) unemployment into the open.