What caused the increase in unemployment in the late 1990s? Were education policies partly responsible?

Type :
Research reports & papers
Author :
Rulof Burger, Servaas van der Berg, Dieter von Fintel
Published :
2013
Link :

In the late 1990s the Department of Education restricted the re-enrolment of over-aged learners and the number of times underperforming learners could repeat a grade. This was intended to reduce the number of learners in the school system, but may have contributed to a sudden increase in measured unemployment. Of the 2.3 million increase in the number of unemployed between 1997 and 2003, up to 900 000 may be due to unintended effects of these policies which brought hidden (youth) unemployment into the open.